Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Management Lessons from Baahubali - The Begining

Posted by Arun Prasad

There is so much hype and noise around this latest South Indian Telugu Flick - Baahubali that I started taking note of it. I am not a big fan of Telugu movies for the simple fact that I don't understand the language. Since Baahubali had a IMBD rating of over 9.5, I decided to take a plunge and watch the movie as I was promised that there are English Subtitles shown on screen. The movie was Phenomenal and No wonder its shattering all box office records and still roaring to go high. Anyways, this post is not a review of the movie. 

As a Management Student, I have always been a keen student of "Strategy" and this movie provided me ample scope to revisit some of the strategy concepts. Strategy as a Subject in Management Field may be a relatively new term (Only in 1970`s did Harvard introduce Strategy as a Management Subject in Business Schools), but Strategy as a Concept is very old. In fact, the it might be about 1000`s of years old. Strategy as a concept has been extensively used and devised in almost any war that has ever been fought, be it the Great War of Mahabharat or the Wars fought during Greek or Roman Era. One of the earliest known treatise on Strategy is "The Art of War" written by Sun Tsu - A ancient Chinese Military General. This treatise was probably written in 500 BC and has a lot of relevance in today`s business world. It is in fact one of the recommended texts for Strategy Courses in B-Schools. 

The backdrop of the movie Baahubali is probably set up in the 8th Century AD. This is based on my understanding from the subtitles. The movie is basically about fight for the throne of a kingdom by two brothers. However, I found the following scenes from the movie that explicitly shows the Strategy concepts or Management lessons that I found very interesting. 

(Note : If you have seen the movie, it is easier to relate)

1.Gender Diversity - There is enough evidence in the movie that Women are treated as equals. Some ancient stories/texts forbid women from entering battlefield. At least, that's what the perception is. In this movie, we see that Sivagami (Ramya Krishnan) takes over the Kingdom when the King of Mahismati dies. Ideally, Bhijjaladeva ( Nazar) should have taken over, but owing to his disability, Sivagami steps in and performs the duties. One point to be noted is She doesn't assume the throne as she feels that not her right place. This goes on to show that one doesn't need a title to lead. And doesn`t necessarily need credits to prove he is a leader. Also, she is present during the war on the Battlefield. Another Instance of Equality of Gender was when the Tribal Leader assigns Avantika (Tammana) the responsibility of killing Bhalladeva (Rana) and Freeing Devasena (Anushka). 

2.Optimal Use of resources - Prior to the War, it is learned that Kalakeya(Antagonist - A tribal warlord) has a army of 1,00,000 and they wage a war against Mahishmati Kingdom that has a army of 25,000. Clearly it seems that Kalakeya has a advantage. But, in order to mitigate the attack Baahubali (Prabhas) suggests that they have a trishul formation. Out of the 25,000 available soldiers (Resources) 10,000 soldiers are assigned to Baahubali (Prabhas) and other 10,000 is assigned to Bhalladeva (Rana) and 5,000 is assigned to Kattapa (SatyaRaj). The way the trishul formation happens is similar to an Isosceles Triangle. In the vertex is Kattapa with his 5,000 solidiers giving a strong defence whereas from the 2 equal sides, Baahubali and Rana provide the defence A signal is given to the 2 crown prince to attack the warlord Kalakeya whereas Kattapa still provides the defence. This is a case of optimal resource loading and assigning the right people with right task. 

3.Innovation - Bhijjaladeva ( Nazar) is partial towards his son and provides Bhalladeva (Rana) with the best weapons. Among the arsenal of weapons, Bhalladeva gets all the swords, arrows missile system and a chariot with cutting blade which is deemed to be the ultimate weapon of mass destruction. Baahubali (Prabhas) in turn gets Cannon Guns, Spears and Bows and arrows. Generally, these weapons are considered to be a liability than a strength due to their long loading times and inefficiencies. Kattappa suggest Baahubali to ask for better weapons or rather equal share of weapons. But, instead of cribbing about this, Baahubali thinks of innovative ways to use his set of weak weapons. One such innovation was to use a oil drenched cloth along with the canon balls. The enemy is puzzled at what this cloth was all about in a deadly war. He later sets the cloth on fire destroying hundreds of enemies. This is innovation at work and trying to think an out of the box solution. 

4.Motivation - After Mahisimati has a huge casualty, the soldiers start dying and suddenly the fear of death prevails among them. They start giving up and running away from the battlefield. At this point, Baahubali gives an inspiration speech (I dint understand much of it) but it was very inspirational and motivational and he urges the soldiers not to give it up yet and start fighting again. In contrast, the other crown prince, Bhalladeva doesn`t really care or bother about the situation and stays mum. The lesson here is that leaders should motivate and stay with their team members even in the difficult times instead of pressurizing them to deliver results. 

5.Thinking out of the Box - When Baahubali suggests that they will go for Trishul formation, Bhijjaladeva ( Nazar) doesn't accept the solution saying that it is a textbook example and can never be implemented in real time or war situation. Still, Baahubali persists with his idea and tries to convince others. Sivagami too appreciates the fact that even the enemy Kalakeya wouldn't expect a textbook example being implemented in action. Even Bhalladeva in in favor of this solution. The takeaway here is that even though time and tested methods of solution exists, always try to differentiate your solution/offering. Think Different. 

6.Compassion - During the war, the target set for the crown prince is that they should kill Kalaleya in order to become a king and whoever so kills him shall become the king of Mahishmati. Bhalladeva is very focused on this target and is always in a dire urge to kill Kalakeya. In fact, in one of the situations, Kalakeya holds the innocent citizens of Mahismati as a defence against incoming attack of Mahishmati. Bhalladeva has no mercy or concern for the innocent citizens and charges his blade chariot into the innocent citizens killing a lot of them in order to attack Kalakeya. When confronted with the same situation, Baahubali doesn't proceed ahead. Rather he decides to first secure the innocent citizens and then proceeds to attack Kalakeya. 

Another instance of Compassion is that before the beginning of the war, it is traditional to sacrifice a animal to ensure victory to Goddess Kali. Bhalladeva proceeds with sacrificing the innocent animal, where as baahubali doesn't believe in this blind belief and doesn't proceed with the sacrifice. This goes on to show that Leaders should have Compassion and should protect the interests of all the stakeholders, employees and workers even at the cost of achieving profits 

So, to me, I thought that it was very good film with a lot of thought put into it. Other things to look out are the breathtaking VFX, excellent portrayal of characters and exotic locations. I think it was a very good movie by Director Rajamouli and Team and I`m looking forward to see the next part in 2016.
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Thursday, January 8, 2015

5 things that you must do before you join PGPEX-VLM program

Posted by Arun Prasad 2 Comments

Congratulations to all the aspirants VLMPians on getting selected in this Prestigious program. I plan to come up with a series of articles aimed for PGPEX-VLM candidates. More like the Do`s and Don’ts that I derived out of my experiences in this program. Warning : These are strictly derived from my own personal experiences and characters in these series having any resemblance to any person living is purely co-incidental.  

1.      Communication Skill : Traditionally, Manufacturing engineers are known to have communication troubles. The reason for this isn’t anything to do with skills or competency level. The main reason behind this is that we come from a Shop Floor environment and have dealt with numerous workers and contract labourers. To talk to these guys, you have to use local language. I have seen guys in my batch using extensive “Hinglish” with works such “Kyun-ki”, “Matlab” etc. Not that I am discriminating North Indian friends, but this is something that one needs to consciously avoid.

Communication just doesn’t mean speaking in English. Communication includes your verbal, non-verbal and body language as well. So, spend some time reading some books on these areas. Your communication will be the single most important factor for your placements – Mark my words !

Some good books to get started are:

2.      Business Acumen: Well, you are entering the Finance Capital of India – IIMC. After all, you are entering a business school. So, you should start reading Economic Times or Business Standard if you haven’t had the habit of doing it. You should be aware of the latest trends in the stock market, Why dollar price is going up, its effects on various industries, What`s happening with Airlines Market and why they are introducing flash sales, Why spicejet is not making any profit, How e-commerce industry is raising money from Investors, Flipkart v/s Amazon.

No one will directly ask you questions from Economics times and Business Standard, but it will help you immensely in Classroom discussions and Case Analysis.

3.      Welcome to “Case World” :  I always used to wonder why GMAT/GRE/CAT exams have these long boring reading comprehension passages with obscure words. I used to wonder why Engineers are being tested on English. Well, it made sense when we started reading case.  IIM-C was India`s first IIM and it was established in 1961 with Technical Collaboration with MIT and Ford Foundation. IIM-A was set up with collaboration with Harvard. Hence, most IIM`s very religiously have Case Studies as a part of their curriculum deriving its origins from Harvard and MIT.

Case studies are typically a long passage written by expert faculty and case writers highlighting a business problem or a situation. Case discussion generated lots of views from the class, from the faculty and learning is facilitated in such discussions. Cases can vary from 2 pages to 40 pages. Cases are a thick dense paragraph of English mixed with Business Jargon that closely resembles Reading comprehension sections.

Cases are sometimes so long, that one forgets what he read in the first few paragraphs. So, one needs to develop a knack of reading cases and structuring cases in a easy to retrieve format in the mind. You would be required to read at least 3 cases every day (rather every night) before you go to class. If you haven’t read the case, you wouldn’t follow a bit on what is happening in the class and trust me – Faculty can easily make out from your expression on your face whether you have read the case or not.

(I won’t be posting any cases here as it would hamper your learning experience)

4.      Mathematics : Most of the experienced folks would have been out of touch with Mathematics. May be the last time we encountered it was during 1st year Engineering. Maths plays a key role in a MBA program (Hence, no wonder GMAT/CAT/GRE are so quant focused). The maths that we are talking about here is not trigonometry or Calculus (I wonder why VLM aptitude exams tests that? Ohhh.. IIT`s are involved!!). Here, you would be required to know some basics of Statistics, Regression Analysis, Probability Distributions and Linear Programing.

In a 2 year MBA program, typically, students undergo a refresher course in Mathematics for 4 months and become strong in these areas. However, for a one year program, the schedule is so tight that there isn’t any dedicated Maths Refresher course. However, these topics are neatly disguised into a subject called Decision Making.

Since, we have been out of touch with Mathematics for nearly 5 years and above, I strongly urge candidates to go through these concepts and understand them. It would definitely help. For example, linear programming is like the Hutch Dog.  It will follow you from IIM Calcutta, to IIT Kanpur and finally till IIT Madras.

5.      Enjoy Your pre-VLM days : These are very exciting days and hopefully the only days you`ll be free in this year. Your next one year is going to be very hectic. So, take a good rest. Try to resign from your job at 2 weeks before the program starts. Spend time with your family, go for a nice vacation, meet your friends. I see that 9th batch guys have already formed a Whatsapp group and Google group. Get to know your batch mates – Their background, experience, why they joined this program. Get to know your seniors and ask them any questions that you may have. Networking is one very important component of any MBA program and Networking is actually your Networth.

Hope you enjoyed reading this article and do write to me at arunpx2015@email.iimcal.ac.in for any queries or suggestions on what should the next article focus on

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Monday, March 24, 2014

Executive MBA : Why this is the biggest decision of my Life ?

Posted by Arun Prasad 13 Comments

In about a week`s time, I`ll be moving to IIM Calcutta to pursue my one year executive MBA . Looking back, it seems its the biggest ever decision that I have ever made in my life. Here is why :
1. Leaving a relatively set job and a stable career.
Ever since I graduated from college and took up a job, I`ve always have had a sense of pride in my job. Being "Employed" means a lot to me. Many of my cousins, look up to me. Many of my aunts show me as a role model for their kids. A job provides a sense of financial security. Its a social status. A sense of pride. I feel more respectable in society when I`m employed. After accumulating nearly 6 years of experience, going back to college is a very big decision.
2. The all-important Marriage during middle of a rigorous program
Well, marriage should have been the biggest ever decision that one ever makes. But, when you have found your ideal partner, it would be the most easiest decision to ever make. Thankfully, I found one with the blessings of my parents. But still, considering marriage is a big once-in-a-lifetime event, there are lot of factors that goes in. From rituals, to shopping, to marriage, to travelling, to even planning honeymoon, there is lot of ground to cover. Getting married in middle of a rigorous course is nearly unheard of. Not that its not done before, but it requires a lot of sacrifice. There were various dates that were considered for the marriage. But, it so happens that Aug 31, 2014 seems to be the most ideal date and if we skip that date, marriage wouldn`t take place for a couple of years. So, they say, Marriage is made in heaven. Probably that is true. Marriage and Marriage date is fixed in heaven without considering the rigorousness of a executive MBA program.
3. Financial security
As I was working and drawing a relatively decent salary, there was a sense of Financial security in me. Even if I come across something that I could not afford, I could always swipe my MasterCard or visa and pay it the next month. But, now that I am a part of India`s unemployment force, every penny seems to important and before I spend money, I need to think twice. On top of unemployment, a large loan of 12 lakhs rupees looms over my head. Adding fuel to the fire is my Insurance policies, Mobile bills and credit card bills.
4. Peer Pressure
Other guys in my office who are of the same age, are taking loans for car or loan to construct a new home. But, I am taking loan for education. Other guys are looking forward to settle, whereas, I`m leaving a stable career and looking to unsettle. Other guys are planning to marry and are drawing up plans on where to fly for honeymoon. I would be probably planning how to give my response on Robotics or Smart Material exam paper that is just a week after my marriage. Another fact is, during any marriage, one definite question asked by almost everyone is "What does that Guy Do?" or "Where does he work ?" In my case, to introduce me as a Student to others during marriage is unbearable. It is nothing short of a glorified insult. I`m hoping at least "Executive MBA from IIM" is the only saving grace.
5. Going back to school after 6 years
I strongly believe that age and cognitive ability is inversely proportional. Its been nearly 6 years after touching books or sitting in a classroom or taking down notes. Going to school after a long break is definitely going to take some time. All the gears of brain have practically corroded and rusted. Sitting is office meetings for one hour itself makes me yawn. I wonder if my brain still has the power to sit in a classroom and focus on the lecture without succumbing to sleep.
That being said, what is Life if there are no challenges ? After all, What is life if you know everything that`s gonna happen ? Uncertainty is what makes life interesting. So, all in all, its a big risky adventure of my life and I do believe people who take risks(may be - calculated risks) in life will be suitably rewarded. I conclude this article by a nice Chinese proverb that I came across recently -
Pearls don’t lie on the seashore. If you want one, you must dive for it

This article was originally written by me and posted in the PaGaLGuY forum under the category - Why MBA. This article can be accessed by following the below link. 
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Sunday, March 16, 2014

B-School/University Selection Matrix

Posted by Arun Prasad 8 Comments
After I decided that I`d be pursuing Higher Education, I started evaluating options. It kind of struck to me that I want to do something that`s a bit technical and covers the management aspect of it too. It was around this time, I came across "Dual Degree Programs" and I made up my mind that I wanted to pursue a dual degree program. As usual, I resorted to my trusted friend, Google, to seek answers and find some suitable courses. The problem with availability of overdose of information is that it makes it difficult to find exactly what we are looking for. As rightly said by Herbert Simon,

...a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention...

It took me few hours to recover from the information overload. I wanted to make a matrix of all the available choices and options before nailing my target programs. Selecting or Targeting a B-School is not as simple as it sounds. There are various factors associated with selection of a B-School, let alone just Rankings. I believe that one must come with their own factors in

These are some of the factors(not in order) that I considered for pursuing PGPEX-VLM program, they are

1. I wanted to do a specialized MBA program that focused on my past work experience. ie, Manufacturing, Operations or Supply Chain. I was clear that I dint want to do a General MBA program.

2. Considering the fact that I had about 5 years of Work Experience, I was clear that I wanted to do a One Year MBA program as against a conventional Two Year MBA program. (Also confusingly called as Executive MBA Program)

3. Cost of the program

4. Good Exposure, Good learning from Faculty, Industry-Academic Collaboration, Internship, Strong Skills

5. Good Brand Value, Placements, Recognition, strong alumni network after completion of program.

I came up with a Matrix of Schools that I wanted to apply for. It helped me to get a big picture and evaluate the pros and cons of each of the schools. I have added the screen shot of the Matrix. However, please note that these are my personal views which may not be necessarily true and applicable for everyone. I feel that all B-Schools aspirants must come with such a matrix and see the big picture. This analysis was very enlightening for me and I could make a choice that closely syncs with my ambitions.

                                                                 (Click to Enlarge)

Is there anything that I missed ? What is your opinion on creating this matrix. Do share your thoughts.


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Friday, March 14, 2014

Higher Education Options

Posted by Arun Prasad 22 Comments

According to a Business Standard estimate, around 750,000 engineers pass out every year from about 3500-odd engineering colleges in India. There is a famous joke among Bangaloreans on this topic. They say, you come to Bangalore and randomly throw a stone in any direction. 99.9 % of the times, the stone would fall in a engineering college !! :) Bangalore has a staggering 131 Engineering colleges. Clearly, a higher education degree is a must in Today`s world to survive the corporate environment and to climb the hierarchy of a organisation. Or, at least, to be distinguished from your neighbor`s son/daughter.  A survey says that less than 15% of the engineers from India opt for a higher education be it MS/MTech or MBA.

If I look at what options I had after doing Engineering, I would have probably come up with this list.

1. M.Tech from a premier institute (Via GATE)
2. M. Tech from a tier-1/tier-2/tier-n institute (Via State Level CET or without it)
3. MS from a abroad university  (US/Canada/Europe)
4. MBA from a premier institute (Via CAT)
5. MBA from a tier-1/tier-2/tier-n institute (Via State Level CET or without it)
6. MBA from a abroad university  (GMAT)
7. Part-time education (means I had to stick to Bangalore only )
8. Distance Education
9. Online Education

Adding to all the above options, I had to make a clear distinction between whether I wanted to be in Technical field (doing MTech/MS) or wanted to move into Management side (MBA). Let me briefly touch upon few thoughts on the above 7 options.

M.Tech from a premier institute (Via GATE)
Every engineer who studied from a Non-IIT Engineering college would probably dream of doing MTech from IIT/NIT`s by cracking GATE exam and securing a very good percentile. I too dreamt this way and enrolled myself for GATE coaching classes on weekends and bought lot of books. But, my then job schedule did not permit me to completely focus on GATE preparation. It was a hectic monday-to-friday, 9-9 job. Weekends went in GATE Classes. Life became too hectic and after 2 months, it was impossible to cope up with the pressure when my job demanded me to work on few Saturdays/Sundays. GATE preparation demands serious amount of concentration and time as the whole Engineering syllabus of 4 years is tested. But, continuing on the Job was critical to me as I had few loans to pay off and I decided to quit the GATE Coaching classes and the subsequent dream. My one-cent advice to those considering this option :

  • Write GATE exam in the pre-final year or final year of Engineering. You would be in touch with your subjects and things become much easy
  • Its probably better to quit Job and write GATE exam within 2 years of graduating. Doing MTech from a premier institute is better than doing a mediocre first job. 

M.Tech from a tier-1/tier-2/tier-n institute (Via State Level CET or without it)
I never liked this option. Because, in terms to quality of education, research opportunities or even placements, none of these tier-1, tier-2, tier-n colleges are near to IIT/NIT. I`m not saying that all colleges are bad, but most are. Especially, the ones that are just getting started and yet to have a first batch passing out. Many of these colleges are just for namesake offering a MTech degree and there isn`t much to gain both in terms of research and opportunities.

MS from a abroad university  (US/Canada/Europe)
They say, its easier to get into Harvard/Stanford/MIT than getting into IIT`s. This is indeed true. The thought of doing a MS from a top US university was always lingering around my mind. I did lot of research and literature survey and collected lot of information on applying to universities. With this in mind, I started preparing for GRE. Many students take this route and land up in a decent US university for their Masters program. I was interested to Pursue Masters in Aerospace Engineering. But, I had seen a lot of cases in my current company, where those doing a MS in Aerospace Engineering were heading back to India because they could not get a job in US. There are lot of restrictions on a non-US citizen working for a Aerospace company in US due to ITAR regulations. More info on ITAR here : ITAR.

Even for other branches of Engineering, getting a job in US and H1B Sponsor isn`t that easy as it sounds. There are harsh realities that probably no one talks about. May be for a Computer Science/Electronics MS grad, its easier to find a sponsor. But, for other branches I`m sure it isn`t easy. So, I dropped this option of going to US and doing a masters program of my choice. What`s the point if I spend 30/35 Lakhs an return to India without finding a job in US. In my opinion, one must at least work in the US/Any country for at least 3/4 years if they want to reap the complete return on Investment(ROI).

I had this option open and thought about doing a MS in Mechanical or Manufacturing Technology. Sure, options were open.

MBA from a premier institute (Via CAT)
CAT race is synonymous with RAT race. CAT exam can be really demotivating for some. Most aspirants aim for 99.3% to get into IIM`s. More than 2 Lakh people eyeing for a few hundred seats. On top of this, there are Quota`s to be satisfied. I felt I could never be a part of the CAT race and I easily I made a decision of not giving CAT or even trying for it.

MBA from a tier-1/tier-2/tier-n institute (Via State Level CET or without it)
I would not want to write about this and waste time on this.

MBA from a abroad university (GMAT)
Though I did not have this option in mind immediately after I completed Engineering, I was doing some literature survey on this. Most MBA programs from a good university requires substantial work experience. This makes sense. Also, its way to expensive. In fact, US students themselves find it highly expensive to study in IVY league college, then what about middle class Indian students ?? This option was always open and I was looking for a affordable MBA program.

Part-time education (means I had to stick to Bangalore only )
In terms of Continuous Education and part time education, India is Light years backward. The options of doing a Masters Degree part-time while working is very limited. The options open to a practicing engineer to get a advanced degree while working full time is very less. There are some options like ManipalMS RamaiahIISc Proficience, etc etc. But, none of the options offer flexibility in terms of choosing a specialization. This option din`t satisfy me either.

Distance Education
I`m not a big fan of Distance Education. Nothing can match the learning that happens in a classroom. I really question what kind of contribution does a Distance Education program contribute ? Its more like a self learning process and I`m pretty certain that Distance Education Programs doesn`t get recognized in a job or may not even help in fetching a job or a interview call. This option was completely ruled out.

Online Education
Online education is the Next Big thing in Education. Rather, it needs to called as Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC`s). But, MOOC`s are still catching up and it has a long way to go before it becomes credible.

So, here is a recap
1. M.Tech from a premier institute (Via GATE)
2. M. Tech from a tier-1/tier-2/tier-n institute (Via State Level CET or without it)
3. MS from a abroad university  (US/Canada/Europe)
4. MBA from a premier institute (Via CAT)
5. MBA from a tier-1/tier-2/tier-n institute (Via State Level CET or without it)
6. MBA from a abroad university  (GMAT)
7. Part-time education (means I had to stick to Bangalore only )
8. Distance Education
9. Online Education

Also, as my experience grew, I kind of decided that I want to do something course that has the right balance of Technical and Management stuff. Something like a dual degree program or a Techno-Managerial program. I did lot of research on Dual Degree program and collected lot of information about the same which I would like to share in a future post. This was the time I came across the IIM Calcutta`s PGPEX- Visionary Leadership in Manufacturing program, abbreviated as VLM or VLMP.

In my next post, I`ll write more about VLM program and why I decided to choose that.

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Tuesday, March 11, 2014

My Interview with Magoosh

Posted by Arun Prasad

I was recently interviewed by Rachel from Magoosh. I was a Magoosh customer and I had been using Magoosh premium account. More than interview, it was a experience sharing session. Reading experiences of students who have given GRE has been particularly useful and motivating. Some of the tips shared by the students has helped me immensely. It keeps me going during difficult times and at times when I`m out running out of confidence. I also shared some of my Tips for prospective GRE students. Here is a sneak preview. Full interview can be read by clicking the link below.

Tip #1 : Avoid procrastination
There are 2 kinds of GRE aspirants.

1. Those who book the GRE date (say 3 months in advance) and then prepare for GRE exam

2. Those who first decide to prepare for the GRE (3-6 months) and then book a date for GRE exam

The students who fall in the second category (including me), probably suffer from “Procrastination Syndrome”. I had this “Procrastination Syndrome” for nearly 2 years. My number one tip/suggestion to GRE aspirants is to stop procrastinating and book a GRE slot immediately. Procrastination does not only apply to booking the GRE slot. When you get a question wrong, many of us tend to oversee why the question went wrong. Whenever you get a question wrong, immediately try to figure out why it went wrong, rather than postponing to do so.

Tip #2: Live and breath the GRE

GRE prep is not a destination, it’s a journey. Every day is a day for GRE preparation. To improve in the verbal section, try using the vocab words with your friends and family. They’ll be shocked to hear you, some may even make fun, but never mind. Remember that preparing for GRE verbal is more or less preparing for grad school or even your professional career. Even after I was done with GRE, I could still spot these words in newspapers, articles and every day usage.

Full review can be read from the below link


About Magoosh :
They are the World`s leading GRE/GMAT/SAT prep company. More about them here. I usually do not advertise or promote a product unless its really good. Magoosh is a exception. Magoosh was founded by few students at the UC Berkeley business school. They are very different from any other GRE prep company that you might have come across. Those preparing or thinking about taking GRE, I highly recommend you to take a free trial class for 7 days. You could order it from here - Magoosh
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